What is Skin Infections

Melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer develops in the cells (melanocytes) that produces melanin (the pigment that gives your skin its color). Melanoma can also form in your eyes and, rarely, inside your body, such as in your nose or throat.

Who is at risk?

A malignant melanoma does not discriminate between skin color or background, any one at any age is susceptible of developing it.


Exposure to UV radiation from the sun, tanning beds and lamps are a leading cause of melanoma. One of the main things to remember is that areas of the skin that is not exposed to UV light can still develop melanomas. Environmental factors and genetics can also play a massive part in its development. Much like all other forms of cancer, cells become damaged and starts to grow out of control which causes a cancerous mass.

People who can have an increased risk include:

What’s the difference between and ‘normal’ mole and unusual moles?

Normal moles and unusual moles can be differentiated based on several characteristics, including size, color, shape, and texture. Here are some of the key differences between normal and unusual moles:

  1. Size: Normal moles are usually less than 6mm in diameter, while unusual moles are often larger than 6mm.

  2. Color: Normal moles are usually a uniform color, ranging from light brown to black, while unusual moles may have a mix of colors, including shades of brown, black, red, blue, or white.

  3. Shape: Normal moles are usually round or oval, while unusual moles may have irregular or indistinct borders.

  4. Texture: Normal moles are usually smooth and uniform in texture, while unusual moles may have a raised or bumpy texture.

Unusual Mole Normal Mole

Diagnosis and treatment

I usually start with a biopsy (a small sample of cells for examination). Those cells are usually sent to a dermatopathologist who will examine it. If it is identified as melanoma, the first line of treatments is to remove it by surgery. If the melanoma has spread beyond the skin, there are various other treatments that could be done: surgical removal of the lymph node, chemotherapy, and targeted medication therapy.